My ancestor, Jan van Brakel, is buried in St. Laurenskerk Church with one entire wall dedicated to him; he has a large monument where he is buried in the back of it. There are approximately 17 Admirals from the 17th Century who are buried in the St. Lawrence Church. They helped win Anglo-Dutch Wars and are considered Heroes in Dutch History. There is an entire wall dedicated to each Admiral.
This impressive gothic church was completed in 1646, but was destroyed due to the bombing during World War II. It is all now that is left of Rotterdam’s medieval buildings as the rest were also destroyed during the War, but not restored. Luckily, the church has been restored, including all the gothic tracery at the east end. Although the church is gothic throughout, the interior is paneled in some areas, which softens the otherwise harsh interior. In addition, the colored glass in the windows makes the interior seem bright and welcoming. What can be found inside? Tombs of 17th century admirals, three Danish organs (the largest of which stands on a marble base), bronze doors created by Giacomo Manzu on the theme of War and Peace, and a statue of Erasmus, Rotterdam’s most famous son. Guided tours and special tower visits are available if you are thinking of a visit (which I highly recommend)!
I had been looking forward to seeing the Chateau where Leonardo da Vinci lived the last years of his life, Le Clos du Luce. The Clos du Luce had a great workshop with examples of what da Vinci had invented. The gardens showcased some of his inventions as well: a portable bridge, treadmill, waterwheel, etc. He ended his days in a beautiful Chateau with great gardens. Da Vinci is buried in his own separate chapel with a large headstone on the grounds of the Chateau d’ Amboise which overlooks the Loire River and the town of Amboise…very picturesque. In the town of Amboise on the Loire River, I stayed in a large chateau with a converted stable and a central courtyard containing gardens…. very charming.
In the City of Amboise, walking to the Clos du Luce, I noticed caves in the cliff, some with painted front doors, windows, shutters and flower boxes. After widespread quarrying of the tuffeau in the hills began in the 11th century and created cavities in the hills and plains, people moved into these areas/caves. Some moved in to escape warfare, others because the caves made convenient, low-rent dwellings. Until the early 20th century, many people lived in these so-called troglodyte homes. Entire villages were underground. Some people still live in the caves, and others are finding new uses for them.
One day was spent on a tour of medieval chateaux and fortresses in the area; there are many more. It was a very magical day with a look into the past while living in the present.
Chateau de Cassaigne
The Chateau de Cassaigne is a breathtaking and very historic site in remarkable condition. It was built in 1247 by Montassin de Goalard, the Abbot of Condom. This was actually the Bishops of Condom’s country residence in the 16th century. At this time, this century’s old site needed to be rebuilt (having suffered from the fallout of a number of battles) and parts of the chateau were also redone in the 18th century.
During the Revolution, the Bishop’s steward purchased the chateau, the descendants of which are the current owners. Henri Faget and his wife produce an Armagnac, supplied by the 30 hectares of vines that surround the chateau, considerably restoring the chateau’s former glory and prestige. It is also one of the most important producers of fine Côtes de Gascogne wines.
Fources was originally built around a castle, but now all that remains of this development is a tree-lined square and a moat. Fources was designed as a “bastide” – a circular plan of homes comprised of timber construction surrounded by the moat. These days Fources attracts visitors for the Flower Market in April and the annual jazz festival (“Marciac in Fources”) as well as their local restaurants and small shops.
Town of Larresingle
Larressingle is a medieval village, developed in the 13th century, and is known as one of the most beautiful villages of France by the tourism website “France This Way”. The only way to enter is through the fortified gates of the village, just over the now dried-up moat. Larressingle can be found west of Condom and is the most-visited site in the Gers area.
Larressingle was the medieval home to the bishops stationed in nearby, Condom. Father Hugh, founder of the Abbey of Condom and heir of the Dukes of Gascony, became bishop of Agen and Bazas. He left his office Abbey of Condom and donated to his successor’s land, Larressingle. Thus, the abbots and bishops of Condom became the Lords of the area.
La Bastide at Barbotan – Les -Thermes – Charming Hotel and Spa
There is a wonderful Spa Hotel in Barbotan-Les-Thermes where I stayed. The rooms were large, sunny with large windows, very comfortable. I was able to partake in “les Soins” (treatments) at the Spa which were inexpensive and very effective. The area can be found in the Armagnac vineyards of Gascony. The hotel is comprised of an 18th century charterhouse which has been restored to its original French style. The hotel and lounges contain 25 rooms and suites along with two large fireplaces (handy if you are visiting in winter) and an outside Italian gallery (if you are lucky enough to be visiting during a glorious French summer)
The spa was inspired by the 20,000-year-old mineral water springs, rich with sulfur, iron, and carbon dioxide. You can sign up for natural body and facial treatments as well as steam baths, hydromassage, mud wraps, and more.
Barbotan is a thermal bath and health resort located in the small town of Cazaubon, which is at the heart of the Bas-Armagnac region in Gascony that is known for the thermal resort (the hot springs have been known since before the Christian era), but also stands alone when it comes to history and heritage. The former town of Cazaubon was probably built during the 5th century, when the Aquitains built their villages up the hill in a defensive position. During the 11th century, advanced fortifications were added with four gates in them, as the traditional bastides. Cazaubon had then 8 parishes, Barbotan, then known as Saint Pierre, being one of them.
I had been looking forward to seeing the Chateau where Leonardo da Vinci lived the last years of his life. The Clos du Luce had a great workshop with examples of what da Vinci had invented. The gardens showcased some of his inventions as well: a portable bridge, treadmill, waterwheel, etc. He ended his days in a beautiful Chateau with great gardens. Da Vinci is buried in his own separate chapel with a large headstone on the grounds of the Chateau d’ Amboise which overlooks the Loire River and the town of Amboise…very picturesque. In the town of Amboise on the Loire River, I stayed in a large chateau with a converted stable and a central courtyard containing gardens…. very charming.
Chateau de Chaumont and Chateau de Chenonceau
One day was spent visiting the Chateau de Chaumont and Chateau de Chenonceau. Chateau de Chaumont is situated atop the Loire River with a sweeping view. Again, over the years, we have visited Chateau de Chenonceau with friends and family; it never disappoints. Chateau de Chaumont
While in Versailles, I visited my tree in the Gardens of the Chateau of Versailles. It is a beech tree with 16 years of growth so is quite large and healthy. It is located on the Allee de la Reine in the Gardens of the Grand Trianon, Marie Antoinette’ s House. In 1999, the Chateau of Versailles sustained enormous damage from a large storm, losing 10,000 trees. They subsequently had a fundraising effort in 2000 to raise money to replant the gardens and repair the buildings. I bought a tree through this fundraising effort and was glad to contribute to the rebuilding of Versailles. When I was a girl, living in Paris, I spent many Sunday afternoons at Versailles with my parents. I also started equestrian pursuits in Versailles at the age of 8 years old. My Mother and I spent many fun-filled hours riding horses in the ring and on trails in Versailles. Read more here.
I stayed at the Hotel Amigo, just off the Grand Place. We used to stay at this Hotel in 1970s and 1980s. My Mother stored her car in their basement parking garage as well, when they were out of town for long periods of time. Place Albert Leemans is the location of an apartment where we lived for 6 years; it is on a lovely rond point in the middle of town, close to Avenue Louis, where my Father had his Boeing International office.
I was glad to see that the Church on the Grand Sablon had been restored; the stained glass windows were precarious in their window frames. The Petit Sablon was being cleaned, pressure-washed, and refurbished.
A meeting with the Managing Director of the Brussels Sotheby’s International Realty office on Avenue Louise resulted with a Windmill for sale in North Holland!